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Overview of new texts

The July 2022 update of the Library of Latin Texts (which since 2021 has brought together the former LLT-A and LLT-B) adds 90 new works to the database. Furthermore, the text of Saint Jerome’s commentary on the prophet Habakuk has been made available from a new edition, the complete text of the Collectio Palatina can now be consulted, and the textual corpus of Gregory the Great’s Registrum epistularum has been modified. Therefore, compared to December 2021, the LLT now contains over 3 million words pertaining to works that have been added or modified. Consequently, the LLT now contains a total of some 150 million words. The current version of the LLT allows scholars to consult 11,503 works (among which 5,804 are diplomatic charters).

 

In this overview, the texts are presented in a chronological order. Note that we will describe an important new corpus of twentieth-century texts at the end of this presentation.

 

With regard to the texts from the Patristic period, we have re-organized the dossier of Gregory the Great’s epistulae. The content of the Registrum epistularum has been limited to that of the Registrum Lateranense edited by Dag Norberg, which corresponds, as far as possible, to the corpus of letters compiled at Gregory’s own request. We have begun enriching this corpus with a whole series of texts that constitute letters written by or attributed to Gregory, as well as letters addressed to Gregory or appearing in the manuscripts that preserve his correspondence. These added works include, among others, the ten texts that can be found as Appendices published by Dag Norberg at the end of his edition of the Registrum.

The corpus of Saint Jerome’s translations of Origen has been enlarged by those of the homilies on Isaiah and Ezekiel. Furthermore; within the Commentarii in prophetas minores, the old edition by Marc Adriaen of Jerome’s commentary on the prophet Habakuk has been replaced by the new edition published by Sincero Mantello. We have also been able to integrate two texts falsely attributed to the scholar from Stridon: a Praefatio to the Book of Psalms and, above all, the Breuiarium in psalmos, compiled in the middle or at the end of the seventh century from, among other sources, the authentic Commentarioli in psalmos and Tractatus LIX in psalmos, as well as the anonymous compilation called Glosa psalmorum ex traditione seniorum, which dates back to the first half of the seventh century.

Extracts from the Collectio quae dicitur ‘Palatina primaria’, a collection of texts relating mainly to the Ecumenical Councils of Ephesus (431) and Chalcedon (451), which was assembled by an anonymous Scythian monk in the sixth century, were included in the LLT from its first publication, the text being taken from the Series Latina, volume 85A. We have now inserted into the database the complete text of the Collatio, and we have also integrated the additamenta to the Collectio ‘Palatina’, published between 1924 and 1926 by E. Schwartz in volume V of the Acta conciliorum oecumenicorum. Also included in this group of texts is the Epistula synodica ad Nestorium by Cyril of Alexandria, as translated by Dionysius Exiguus.

 

As usual, this year we have also incorporated the Latin texts published over the course of the previous year in the Sacris Erudiri journal. The current update includes, first of all, the De diuersis appellationibus, whose attribution to Nicetas of Remesiana cannot be proven. A second text, whose editio princeps was published in Sacris Erudiri, is the Commentarius exegeticus in ‘Versus maligni angeli’, a commentary dating from the twelfth century that deals with an obscure poem, the Versus maligni angeli, and which has been preserved in a twelfth-century manuscript housed at the Médiathèque Voyelles of Charleville-Mézières. Next, the update includes an Epistula contra haereticos dating from the beginning of the ninth century, a refutation of unknown heretics from the years 800-810, who claimed that Christ did not rise in his ‘true’ flesh and that he could not have retained it in heaven. Finally, we have also integrated the Epistula ad Taionem by Quiricus of Barcelona (d. 666). Note that the new edition of Saint Augustine’s Sermo Wilmart 20 (101 auct.), published by François Dolbeau, will be included in the next update of the database along with a further upgrade of the dossier of the Sermones ad populum of the bishop of Hippo.

 

The series of newly introduced medieval texts largely consists of letter collections. Thus we have inserted the epistolary corpora of Alexander III (pope from 1159 to 1181) and Celestine III (pope from 1191 to 1198). The database now also contains two letters by Aimery of Limoges (patriarch of Antioch from 1140 to 1165 and from 1170 to 1193), two letters by Terricus (the Templariorum magnus praeceptor, who called himself ‘Grand Preceptor of the Temple House in Jerusalem’), and finally a series of letters by the Conuentus Claraeuallensis and by Petrus Monoculus (c. 1125–1186), the sixth abbot of Clairvaux.

Another important epistolary corpus is the correspondence of Peter of Blois (c. 1135–c. 1203). His letters place him among the most brilliant representatives of Latin literature at the time (Rolf Köhn). We have reproduced the text of the edition published in 1847 by John Allen Giles, which, although it is still the reference edition, “is fraught with problems” (L. Wahlgren); the letters of Peter of Blois are in dire need of a new critical edition. We have respected the structure of Giles’ edition, which distinguishes between: (1) the letters edited in 1667 by Peter of Goussainville, (2) the letters not covered by Goussainville, but reinstated among the authentic epistulae by Giles on the authority of the codex Sidnaeo-Sussexianus Cantabrigensis Δ 5 13, and (3) the letters published for the first time by Giles.

Among the important works by Peter of Blois, we also need to point out his sermons. We have integrated into the database the sermons published by Giles (who reuses Goussainville’s edition of 1667). These sermons date from the time when Peter was an archdeacon. We have distinguished the sermons recognized as authentic by the communis opinio from the non-authentic sermons.

The twelve commentaries on the Minor Prophets, which Eucharius Cervicornus published in 1529 under the name of Haymo of Halberstadt, are a complex set of texts when it comes to their authenticity. The first four of these commentaries must be attributed to Haymo of Auxerre (a contemporary of Haymo of Halberstadt), while the latter eight should be attributed to Heiric of Auxerre, Haymo’s pupil and successor. A part of the manuscript tradition replaces Haymo’s commentaries to Obadiah, Amos, and Joel with commentaries by unknown authors. Msgr Roger Gryson has edited all the texts in this dossier in the Continuatio Mediaevalis (CCCM 135F–135G), and this is the edition that we have used as the basis for our current update.

Medieval exegesis is also represented by the Commentarium in LXXV Dauidis psalmos by the eleventh-century abbot Letbert of Saint-Ruf. This commentary had been falsely attributed to Rufinus of Aquileia until Dom Wilmart definitively resolved the issue of Letbert’s authorship in 1914.

Another important exegete, Andrew of Saint-Victor, is represented in the current update by his Expositio super Isaiam, a Bible commentary influenced by contemporary Jewish exegesis.

The corpus of Peter Abelard’s works has been enriched by the integration of the collection of his sermons. The texts in our database are taken from the first critical edition of this corpus, drawn up by L. J. Engels and completed by Chr. Vande Veire.

We have continued integrating the works of Denis the Carthusian into the database. This time, we have made available Denis’ adaptions (which he called translationes) of John Cassian’s Conferences and Institutes, as well as his commentaries on Boethius’ Consolation of Philosophy.

The corpus of Raimundus Lullus has been enlarged by the insertion of his Ars ad faciendum et soluendum quaestiones (op. lat. 64), a work composed in Catalan, the Latin translation of which was only completed in 1407, a long time after the philosopher’s death.

Two works by Peter the Chanter, Verbum abbreuiatum and the Summa de sacramentis et animae consiliis, were already present in the LLT before the current update. However, apart from these contributions to scholastic literature, Peter the Chanter can also be considered the ‘front-runner’ of the literary genre of distinctiones. This genre can be described as ‘alphabetical repertories, in which the ‘equivocal’ terms of the Bible, or at least those deemed to be so, are explained and discussed with more or less insistence and according to various methods’ (A. Wilmart). Peter the Chanter’s Distinctiones Abel have been introduced into the LLT from the first complete critical edition of the work, published in 2004 by Stephen A. Barney.

We have completed the incorporation of the six works that make up the Corpus iuris canonici by inserting into the database the Clementinae (i.e. the Constitutiones of Clement V), the Extrauagantes Ioannis papae XXII (twenty Constitutiones of John XXII), and the Extrauagantes communes (i.e. the Extrauagantes decretales, the beginnings of which go back to John XXII, and which constitute a corpus compiled and arranged in the last instance by Jean Chappuis for his 1500 edition).

The literary production of Ratramnus of Corbie can be situated largely between the years 845 and 870. We have integrated his De anima (not to be confused with the Liber de anima ad Odonem Bellouacensem by the same author) from the text of the editio princeps published in 1931 in the Revue Bénédictine by Dom André Wilmart.

 

Through his many activities, the Byzantine humanist Bessarion (1408–1472) truly became the torchbearer of humanism in Italy. With the current update, his In calumniatorem Platonis has been incorporated into the LLT. This work, which was intended as a pamphlet against the anti-Platonic attacks of the Comparatio Aristotelis et Platonis by George of Trebizond, became an in-depth work on Plato, his work, his vision of the world, and his literary activity. We have reproduced the edition published in 1927 by Ludwig Mohler. In the third book of the In calumniatorem, Bessarion integrated a substantial part of the notes that the Dominican friar Iohannes Gatti (Giovanni Gatti, c. 1420–1484) had prepared for him. The complete text of Gatti’s Notata seu Tractatus qui erat fons libri III operis Bessarionis In calumniatorem Platonis aduersus Georgium Trapezuntium has been inserted into the database from its editio princeps published in 2021 by John Monfasani (CC SG 94).

Together Erasmus and Grotius, Justus Lipsius (Overijse, 1547–Leuven, 1606) belongs to the great names of Dutch humanism. His correspondence (some 4,300 letters) has contributed to a large extent to this reputation. Thanks to an agreement with the Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van België voor Wetenschappen en Kunsten, we have been able to begin introducing this correspondence into the LLT from the text of the edition published under the auspices of the same academy. We have started with the insertion of the letters from the first volume of Iusti Lipsi Epistulae, which includes the letters written between 1564 and 1583. We have distinguished the letters written by Justus Lipsius and those addressed to him by presenting them as two different dossiers.

 

Last but not least: thanks to an agreement with the Universitetet i Oslo, an important corpus of Latin texts relating to Fascism and written during the Ventennio Fascista (1922-1943) are being integrated into the LLT starting from the current July 2022 update. The texts in question have been published under the direction of Han Lamers and Bettina Reitz-Joose in the ‘FLT – Fascist Latin Texts Library’, hosted by the Universitetet i Oslo (accessible at https://flt.hf.uio.no/).

 

For more details about this update of the LLT (that gives a single access to the former Series A and B of the Library of Latin Texts), we invite our users to consult the lists of authors and titles in the “About” section of the database (“New titles 2022” and “All titles”).